Centre of Excellence in Theoretical and Mathematical Sciences
Most of the internationally renowned Universities have teaching and research in basic science as their major thrust area in addition to their dedication for technological advancements. ITER and SUM Hospital have been reputed institutions dedicated to Enginneering and Medical sciences since the establishment of the SOA in 2007. Guided by the far sighted vision of the President, Professor Manoj Ranjan Nayak, the University expanded its horizon encompassing research in Theoretical and Mathematical Sciences leading to the inception of CETMS since January, 2012. Although, in principle, any leading theoretical or mathematical branch of science comes within the purview of CETMS, the current emphasis and activities at the Centre are in two broader areas:
(1) High Energy Physics (Particle Physics):
Research is conducted in achieving solutions to existing puzzles, unsolved mysteries, or elucidation and alternate explanation on observed physical phenomena. Theoretical research in high energty physics goes hand-in-hand with experimental data.
Famous mathematicians and physicists have solved well posed problems unravelling mysteries of various interactions and the Universe. Newton’s observation on the commonplace event of “Falling Apple” led to the “Universal Law of Gravitation” and uniﬁed gravity. Maxwell’s observation on diverse phenomena of electricity and magnetism led to their uniﬁcation through the discovery of “Classical Electromagnetic Theory” and the “Electromagnetic Wave” in the 19th century. However, the simple experimental observation of “Black-Body Radiation” spectrum threw a formidable challenge to this classical electromagnetic theory that was successfully confronted by “Quantum Theory” of Max Planck. This in turn led to the discovery of “Photo-Electric Eﬀect ” and the “Photon” , the Bohr’s atomic model, de Broglie’s “Wave-particle duality”, Heisenberg’s and Schrodinger’s “Quantum Mechanics”, and Dirac’s “Quantum Field Theory” underlying all electromagnetic interactions in Physics, Chemistry, and Engineering. The negative result of “Michelson-Morley experiment” gave birth to “Special Theory of Relativity” leading to “General Relativity” of Albert Einstein. Gravity turned out to be the “Curvature of Space-Time Geometry” which has been testiﬁed quite often at the time of total solar eclipses. The simple equation “E = mc2” thought to be a pure mathematical and theoretical conjecture in the early part of 20th century has not only created havoc through atom bombs and hydrogen bombs, but has also come out as the origin of immense souce of nuclear energy for the mankind.
in Septeber,2015 “Advanced LIGO” experiments claimed to have veriﬁed not only the existence of “Gravitational Waves”, but also collision and merger events between two very massive black holes that had occured 1.3 billion years ago but the “Gravitational Wave” signal reached the earth on 14th Sept, 2015 at 09.50.45 GMT. This revolutionary discovery needs further interpretation and conﬁrmation.
Such are the examples of exciting development and realization of theoretial physics that depends constantly upon simple or sophisticated mathematical tools as well as experimental observations. Ever since the introduction of Nobel Prize, majority of the “Physics Nobel Prizes” have been awarded to theoretical or experimental particle physicists.
In High Energy Physics the CETMS attempts to understand and ﬁnd solutions to some out of hundreds and thousands of outstanding problems relating to the fundamental structure of matter and the Universe. Some examples are given below:
- Whether the standard model, universally followed as the theory of Particle Physics all over the world, should be the only theory below the Planck scale having a great grand desert?
- What is the origin of neutrino mass ? Why their masses are so small but mixings are so large ?
- What are the explanations to diﬀerent sets of neutrino oscillation data?
- Whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana fermions ?
- Why parity violation as observed in beta decay is exhibited by weak interaction alone leaving out three other fundamental interactions.?
- Why lepton ﬂavour violation is so small in the standard model? Is there unitarity violation ?
- Why anti-matter content of the universe is so small compared to its matter content even though both were created with equal proportions from the big-bang ?
- Are lepton and baryon numbers conserved ?
- Why dark energy dominates the universe and what is its origin ?
- What is the nature of dark matter?
- Is there a gravitational wave ? Has it been experimentally detected ? What could be a future source of gravitational wave?
- Are there indications of physical phenomena beyond the standard model at CERN LHC ?
- Are there deﬁnite indications of new gauge interactions by ongoing experiments
- What could be the result of current searches for neutrinoless double beta decay?
- Is proton decay veriﬁable by ongoing searches?
Model building with emphasis on neutrino physics, uniﬁcation, dark matter, and baryon asymmetry has been the focus of theoretical physics research since the last four years. Currently experiments at CERN LHC have shown excess of events not expected from the standard model which have been interpreted as productions of like-sign dileptons, WR boson, ZR boson, dijets, dibosons, and resonant production of di-photons through researches at the CETMS.
(2) Condensed Matter Physics: - Bio-materials and Tissue Regeneration Laboratory:
The Laboratory aims at the objective of implementing applications of physical and life sciences, and engineering to develop viable substitutes which could restore and maintain the function of human tissues, and which could also improve the quality of life of ill or insecured patients. Bio-materials also play key roles in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering as designable biophysical and biochemical environment that directs cellular behaviour as its function.
The research carried out focuses upon objectives which have tremendous importance for the human society:
- Developing methodologies for fabrication of metallic bio-materials.
- Using polymeric and ceramic bio-materials for designing scaﬀolds.
- Study of Titanium Dioxide Nanotube preparation
- Bone tissue and skin tissue engineering
- Guided bone regenaration
Over the short span of four years the Centre has come to lime-light with 25 journal publications in frontiers of high energy physics with high impact factors and with 18 publications in experimental branch of bio-materials and tissue regeneration in reputed international journals.
Currently there are three faculty members:
- Dr. M. K. Parida, Professor/Director, High Energy
- Dr. Tapash Ranjan Rautray, Asst. Prof. Condensed Matter Physics (Biomaterials and Tissue Generation Lab)
- Dr. Sudhanwa Patra, Asst. Prof., High Energy Physics
The Centre has been awarded with two major research projects by DST/SERB, Govt. of India to the tune of nearly Rs.55 lakhs. Nine Ph.D. scholars including an inspire fellow have been enrolled for their Ph. D. degree.
The Centre has also started Post Doctoral research programme since 2015.
A number of internationally renowned and eminent Physicists have visited CETMS and addressed the SOA community. The most recent one is the SOA award ceremony, “Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Memorial Oration”, addressed by Professor Jogesh Chandra Pati, Stanford Univesity on his outstanding and fundamental contribution in Particle Physics.